The purpose of providing interventions within a school is to offer appropriate support and assistance to students who are experiencing social, emotional and/or academic concerns that cannot be addressed through the traditional school experience. Many students will complete their entire academic career without needing any interventions, while some students will experience the need for significant intervention, either throughout their academic career or from time to time. Sometimes, students do not respond favorably to interventions that are being implemented on their behalf. When this occurs, a more formal intervention and problem solving process, known as Care team, is implemented.
All Parkway schools utilize a Care Team and “problem solving” model for addressing concerns of any type that arise at school about a student. A Care Team is a group of professional staff representing a variety of disciplines. These may include general education, guidance and counseling, administration, school health/nursing, special education, speech/language pathology, school social work, and school psychology.
To the extent warranted, the “problem solving” process involves problem identification (i.e., definition and analysis), the development and implementation of supports/interventions, evaluation of their effectiveness, and, as needed, referral (e.g., for assistance, additional assessment, or services). This process is based on systematic data collection and analysis, documentation, consideration of all relevant and available information, and hypotheses development/testing. Care Teams rely on existing educational information and staff input, but also collect additional data through the intervention process and, when necessary, individual student assessment. Informed parent consent generally will be obtained before any student is individually assessed by a member of the school staff UNLESS the assessment is part of the District’s screening activities (i.e., something done with a particular group of students) or the normal instructional process (i.e., reading assessments).
Care Teams also encourage parents to provide any and all relevant information, including from outside professionals or agencies, about their children. Questions about Care Teams and the “problem solving” process should be directed to guidance counselors or school administrators.
In conjunction with the Parkway School District, Special School District (SSD) of St. Louis County provides special education staff, services, and programs for Parkway students with disabilities. A student qualifies for special education and related services when it is determined through evaluation that there is an educational disability which “adversely affects educational performance” and requires special education services.
All decisions regarding a student’s “free appropriate public education” (FAPE) and “individualized education program” (IEP) are to be made by the student’s IEP Team, which includes the student’s parent(s) and, as appropriate, the student. Emphasis is on keeping the student in the “least restrictive environment” (LRE) and supporting the student in Parkway’s general education curriculum. The types and amounts of special education and related services, service delivery models, settings in which the services are delivered, curriculum modifications, necessary adaptations, and all other instructional decisions related to the student’s disability are to be made by the IEP Team. Certain procedural safeguards, which include the right to appeal diagnostic and IEP decisions, are available to students with disabilities and their parents.
For more information on Special Services offered through the Parkway School District please utilize the resources below:
Parkway Special Services Link
Parkway Special Services Helpful Resources and Web Links
Parkway Disability Information
Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Office of Special Education